Financial Conflict of Interest (FCOI) Policy
October 28, 2019
This Financial Conflict of Interest Policy (this “Policy”) describes certain legal obligations applicable to Investigators’ disclosure of potential financial conflicts of interest (“FCOI”). The purpose of this policy is to comply with applicable law and to ensure the objectivity of the research conducted by LeafLabs, LLC (“LeafLabs”), its employees, contractors, and consultants.
Investigators applying for and working on Public Health Services (“PHS”), National Institutes of Health (“NIH”), or National Science Foundation (“NSF”) funded research must disclose significant financial interests that are related to the Investigator’s institutional responsibilities. Investigators are all persons, regardless of title or position, who are responsible for the design, conduct, or reporting of research proposed for funding by the PHS, NIH, or NSF (the foregoing agencies, together with any other organizations providing funding through grant or contract to which the regulations contemplated herein apply, collectively, the “Funding Agencies”), including collaborators or consultants. This policy provides the framework to identify, evaluate and correct or remove real, apparent and potential conflicts of interest.
This policy requires that each investigator, subrecipient, subgrantee and collaborator affiliated with LeafLabs on a Funding Agency project be in compliance with 42 CFR Part 50, Subpart F for grants and cooperative agreements (and 45 CFR Part 94 for contracts). In addition, this legislation spells out NIH’s commitment to preserving the public’s trust that the research supported by them is conducted without bias and with the highest scientific and ethical standards. LeafLabs intends to use this same FCOI standard for all other Federal agency grant and contract efforts, as tailored or amended accordingly.
The following definitions apply to this policy:
“Funded Research” means any research funded by a Funding Agency.
“Investigator” means any person (including subrecipients, subgrantees and collaborators) who is responsible for the design, conduct or reporting of research funded by a Funding Agency.
“Training Requirement” means training related to Financial Conflict of Interest (FCOI) and required under law. All LeafLabs Investigators and all defined sub-level vendors are required to complete the Training Requirement. If any conflicts of interest are found or known, they must be disclosed. The training must be updated no less frequently than every four years or as designated based on grant or role circumstances. Information and other resources developed by NIH will be updated as appropriate and can be accessed through the NIH Web site: (http://grants.nih.gov/grants/policy/coi/tutorial2011/fcoi.htm).
“Significant financial interest” means a financial interest consisting of one or more of the following interests of the investigator (including those of the investigator’s spouse and dependent children) that reasonable appears to be related to the Investigator’s institutional responsibilities:
1. With regard to any publicly-traded entity, a significant financial interest exists if the value of any remuneration received from the entity in the twelve months preceding the disclosure and the value of any equity interest in the entity as of the date of disclosure, when aggregated exceeds $5,000. For the purposes of this definition, remuneration includes salary and any payment for services not otherwise identified as salary (e.g. consulting fees, honoraria, paid authorship); equity interest in stock, stock options or other ownership interest, as determined through reference to public prices and other reasonable measures of fair market value;
2. With regard to any privately held entity, a significant financial interest exists if the value of any remunerations from the entity in the twelve months preceding the disclosure, when aggregated, exceeds $5,000, or when the Investigator (or the Investigator’s spouse or dependent children) holds any equity interests (e.g. stock, stock options, or other ownership interest); or
3. Intellectual property rights and interests (e.g. patents, copyrights), upon receipt of income related to such rights and interests.
With respect to Significant Financial Interest, Investigators also must disclose (and such disclosure shall constitute an SFI Disclosure, defined below) the occurrence of any reimbursed or sponsored travel (i.e., that which is paid on behalf of the Investigator and not reimbursed to the Investigator so that the exact monetary value may not be readily available) related to their institutional responsibilities; provided, however, that this disclosure requirement does not apply to travel that is reimbursed or sponsored by a federal , state or local government agency, an institution of higher education as defined at 20 U.S.C. 1001(a), an academic teaching hospital, medical center, or research institute that is affiliated with an institution of higher education. This disclosure will include, at a minimum, the purpose of the trip, the identity of the sponsor/organizer, the destination, and the duration. Upon receipt of this disclosure, the Policy Coordinator will determine if further information is needed, including a determination or disclosure of monetary value, in order to determine whether the travel constitutes a FCOI with the Funding Agency research.
The term Significant Financial Interest does not include the following types of financial interests: salaries, royalties or other remuneration paid by LeafLabs to the Investigator if the Investigator is currently employed or otherwise appointed by LeafLabs, including intellectual property rights assigned to LeafLabs and agreements to share in royalties related to such rights; any ownership interest in the Institution held by the investigator; income from investment vehicles, such as mutual funds and retirements accounts, as long as the Investigator does not directly control the investment decisions made in these vehicles; income from seminars, lectures or teaching engagements sponsored by a federal , state or local government agency, an institution of higher education as defined at 20 U.S.C. 1001(a), an academic teaching hospital, a medical center, research institute that is affiliated with an institution of higher education; or income from service on advisory committees or review panels for a federal, state or local government agency, an institution of higher education as defined at 20 U.S.C. 1001(a), an academic teaching hospital, a medical center, or a research institute that is affiliated with an institution of higher education.
A ”Financial Conflict of Interest” or “FCOI” exists when LeafLabs reasonably determines that a significant financial interest could directly and significantly affect the design, conduct or reporting of Funded Research.
An “SFI Disclosure” is a report that each Investigator shall submit: (a) annually to the Policy Coordinator; (b) in the event of certain sponsored travel, as set forth in the definition of “significant financial interest,” above; and (c) within thirty (30) days of an Investigator discovering or acquiring any significant financial interest.
“Management” of an FCOI means taking action to address a FCOI, which can include reducing or eliminating the FCOI, to ensure, to the extent possible, that the design, conduct, and reporting of Funded Research will be free from bias.
An “Awarding Component” is the applicable sub-agency of a Funding Agency.
Each Investigator shall submit SFI Disclosures (using the LeafLabs SFI Disclosure Form) to the Policy Coordinator as follows:
(a) An updated general SFI Disclosure annually;
(b) promptly in the event of certain sponsored travel, as set forth in the definition of “significant financial interest,” above; and
(c) within thirty (30) days of an Investigator discovering or acquiring any significant financial interest.
The Policy Coordinator will review each SFI Disclosure and evaluate whether any such SFI Disclosure has given rise to an FCOI. If no FCOI is found, the SFI Disclosure will be filed with the Policy Coordinator’s SFI Disclosure records. If a FCOI is identified it will be put on the FCOI report through the eRA Commons FCOI module (or, where LeafLabs is a subgrantee or subawardee, then LeafLabs will report the FCOI as required under the applicable subgrant or subaward agreement) prior to expending any Funding Agency funds. LeafLabs will then report any new FCOIs to the Awarding Component within 60 days. If an Investigator with an FCOI conducts a Funded Research, LeafLabs shall disclose the FCOI in each public presentation related to the results of the Funded Research.
LeafLabs will maintain records of all SFI disclosures, and records of resulting LeafLabs action, for at least three years from the date of submission of the final expenditures report for the applicable funding.
Funded Research Exclusions
Funded Research is any project governed by Funding Agency regulations, but excluding applications for Phase I support under the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) programs.
Compliance and Penalties for Non-Performance
If an investigator fails to comply with the LeafLabs FCOI policy, within 120 days, LeafLabs shall complete a retrospective review of the Investigator’s activities to determine bias. If a bias is found, LeafLabs shall submit a mitigation report to the applicable Funding Agency, in accordance with 42 CFR 50.605(b)(3), that shall address the impact of the bias on the research project and the actions it has taken to mitigate the bias. LeafLabs will work with the Investigator to set up an FCOI management plan to mitigate the situation. Companywide, LeafLabs is required to mandate the Investigator disclose the FCOI in each public presentation with research results if it was not reported up front. In extreme cases of bias, the Investigator may lose the right to work on the project or receive any future NIH funding.
If you have a conflict of interest or if you have a question to discuss, contact the LeafLabs FCOI Policy Coordinator, Brooke Morozova, by email email@example.com.